ﺃَﻋُﻮْﺫُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
اَلصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللّٰهِ،
Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is both Human & Noor.
The Ahlus Sunnah wa’l Jamaah believe that it is indeed permissible to call the Prophet (May ALLAH bless him and grant him peace) as ‘Noor of ALLAH’. The Qur’an has itself applied this description to the Prophet (May ALLAH bless him and grant him peace) and so have overwhelming ahadith.
However, it is often at this point that those who oppose this view believe from some erroneous conviction that we deem the Prophet (may ALLAH bless him and grant him peace) as a non-human. This is indeed a strange and gross accusation. For those who claim that he was not a human, have clearly ventured out of the bounds of Islam, and have entered into Kufr. The belief of Ahlus Sunnah wa’l Jamaah is that our Noble Prophet Muhammad (May ALLAH bless him and grant him peace) is Noor and Human
No doubt, Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Was a human being , No one rejects that Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamwas not a human being, but Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was also Noor and ALLAH created it before He created Adam Alaissalam.
The Noor of Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is not part of ALLAH (Naoozbila) but a seperate creation which ALLAH created,
This is belief of Sunnis
Muslims don’t take Him as God,
If being Noor means God than see how many become God according to Quran/hadiths
Noor of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)
Indeed, there has come to you from ALLAH a Noor (Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and a plain Book (this Qur’ân).
(Surah Al Maida 5:15)
Noor of Muslims
Quran 39:22. Is he whose breast ALLAH has opened to Islâm, so that he is in noor from His Lord
Quran 24:40 And he for whom ALLAH has not appointed Noor, for him there is no noor.
Quran 57:13.On the Day when the hypocrites men and women will say to the believers: “Wait for us! Let us get something from your noor…….!”
Noor of Sun, Star, Moon:
Qur'an 10:5. It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a noor….
Quran 25: 61. Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving noor.
Quran 71:16. And has made the moon a noor therein, and made the sun a lamp?
Noor of Angels (malaikah):
SAhih Muslim Book 42 Hadith 7134
‘A’isha reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The Angels were born out of light
These All noors are different from one another. And cannot be compared, Are creations created by ALLAH , They are also physical and literal,
So its what Quran and hadiths say, therre is no exaggeration
Hadith No 1
Arbaz Bin Sariyah (ra) narrated that the Sahaba asked (about reality of Prophet). The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
I am the prayer of Ibrahim (Peace Be Upon Him) and Esa (Peace Be Upon Him) gave glad tiding of my arrival to his nation. My mother saw such a Light (Noor) coming out from her body that it lit the castles of Syria
►Bayhaqi, Dala’il un Nubuwwah, Volume 001, Page No. 83
Imam BayhaqiFront Cover, Dala’il un Nubuwwah, Published by Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah,
Beirut, Lebanon Volume 001, Page No. 83
►Imam Ibn Kathir (rah) narrated it in his Tafsir (4:360).►It is also narrated by al-Hakim in his Mustadrak (2:616-617) ►Ahmad in his Musnad (4:184)
►Bayhaqi again in Dala’il al-nubuwwa (1:110, 2:8).
►Ibn al-Jawzi cites it in al-Wafa’ (p. 91, ch. 21 of Bidayat nabiyyina sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam
►Haythami cites it in Majma` al-zawa’id (8:221) and said Tabarani and Ahmad narrated it, and Ahmad’s chain is fair (hasan). See for Ahmad’s complete text Bisharatu `Isa (#454).
Hadith No: 2
Musannaf Abdur Razaq
It is narrated by Imam Abdur Razaq from Mua’mar, from Ibn al-Manqadr, from Jabir ibn `Abd Allah who said to the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) : “O Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him), may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me of the first thing Allah created before all things.” He (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “O Jabir, the first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet from His (created) light, and that light remained (lit. “turned”) in the midst of His Power for as long as He wished, and there was not, at that time, a Tablet or a Pen or a Paradise or a Fire or an angel or a heaven or an earth. And when Allah wished to create creation, he divided that Light into four parts and from the first made the Pen, from the second the Tablet, from the third the Throne,
(and from the fourth everything)
►Musannaf Abdur Razaq, al-Juz al-Mafqud min al-Juz al-Awwal min al-Musannaf Abdur Razaq, Page No. 99, Hadith Number 18
Musannaf Abdur Razaqal Juz al Mafqud min al Juz al Awwal min al Musannaf Razaq Publish Dar al Muhadith Riyadh Saudia Page No. 99, Hadith Number 18
►Qastalani in Mawahib ul Laduniyah Volume 001, Page No. 71,
►Zurqani in Sharah Mawahib ul Laduniyah Volume 001, Page No. 89-91,
►Ajluni in Kashf al-Khafa (وقال : رواه عبد الرزاق بسنده عن جابر بن عبد اﷲ رضي اﷲ عنهما) Volume 001, Page No. 311, Hadith Number 827,
►Halabi in his Sirah Volume 001, Page No. 50,
►Ashraf Ali Thanvi in Nashar ut-Tib Volume 001, Page No. 13Imam Ibn Hajr al-Haythami (rah) narrates in his Fatawa al Hadithiyyah:
فقد أخرج عبد الرزاق بسنده عن جابر بن عبد الله الأنصاري رضي الله عنهما قال: “قلت: يا رسول الله بأبي أنت وأمي أخبرني عن أوّل شيء خلقه الله قبل الأشياء؟ قال: يا جابر إن الله خلق قبل الأشياء نور نبيك محمد صلى الله عليه وسلّم من نوره فجعل ذلك النور يدور بالقدرة حيث شاء الله، ولم يكن في ذلك الوقت لوح ولا قلم ولا جنة ولا نار ولا ملك ولا سماء ولا أرض ولا شمس ولا قمر ولا إنس ولا جن، فلما أراد الله تعالى أن يخلق الخلق قسم ذلك النور أربعة أجزاء: فخلق من الجزء الأوّل القلم، ومن الثاني اللوح، ومن الثالث العرش، ثم قسم الجزء الرابع أربعة أجزاء: فخلق من الأول حملة العرش، ومن الثاني الكرسي، ومن الثالث باقي الملائكة
Undoubtedly Abdur Razzaq mentioned with his Sanad from Jabir ibn `Abd Allah who asked: “O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me of the first thing Allah created before all things.” He said: “O Jabir, the first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet from His light, and that light remained (lit. “turned”) in the midst of His Power for as long as He wished, and there was not, at that time, a Tablet or a Pen or a Paradise or a Fire or an angel or a heaven or an earth. And when Allah wished to create creation, he divided that Light into four parts and from the first made the Pen, from the second the Tablet, from the third the Throne, [and from the fourth everything else] Reference
►Narrated by Imam Ibn Hajr al Haytami in Fatawa al Hadithiyyah Page No. 289
Note: Sheikh Abdul Haqq Muhadith Dhelvi (Rahimuhullah) said: The source of creation, universe and of Adam is Nur of Muhammad(Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam), hence “IT HAS COME IN SAHIH HADITH THAT THE FIRST THING WHICH ALLAH CREATED WAS MY NUR!”
(Madarij al Nabuwah, Volume No.2, Page No. 2)
Some people object that in hadith it has also come that first thing which Allah created was Al-Qalam (i.e. pen) and they cite the hadith in Tirimdhi as proof which states: أَوَّلُ مَا خَلَقَ اللهُ الْقَلَمُ (i.e. First thing which Allah created was the pen)
They say that hence Pen is the first creation therefore the hadith of Prophet (Peace be upon him) being first created Nur contradicts it.
This is their misconception because things have been first created according to their relative primacy, here is hadith from Sahih Bukhari which even proves Throne and Water to be created before Pen
كان اللهُ ولم يكُنْ شيءٌ غيرُه. وكان عرشُهُ على الماء
Translation: First of all, there was nothing but Allah, and (then He created His Throne). His throne was over the water [Translation by Muhsin Khan, Sahih Bukhari in English, Volume 4, Book 54, Number 414]After seeing this the deniers are dumbstruck and their own pseudo logic stands refuted because now there is even conflict between other Sahih ahadith regarding what was the first thing created! But the point is how to bring reconciliation? Imam Badr ud-din Ayni (rah) gave a magnificent answer, he states in his Umdat al Qari, Sharh Sahih al Bukhari
روى أحمد والترمذي مصححا من حديث عبادة بن الصامت مرفوعاً أول ما خلق الله القلم ثم قال أكتب فجرى بما هو كائن إلى يوم القيامة واختاره الحسن وعطاء ومجاهد وإليه ذهب إبن جرير وابن الجوزي وحكى ابن جرير عن محمد بن إسحاق أنه قال أول ما خلق الله تعالى النور والظلمة ثم ميز بينهما فجعل الظلمة ليلاً أسود مظلماً وجعل النور نهاراً أبيض مبصراً وقيل أو ما خلق الله تعالى نور محمد قلت التوفيق بين هذه الروايات بأن الأولية نسبي وكل شيء قيل فيه إنه أول فهو بالنسبة إلى ما بعدها
Translation: Imam Ahmed and Imam Tirimdhi have narrated the Marfu hadith with Sahih Isnad from Ibada bin Samit (ra) which proves that Allah first created the Pen and then told it to write and It wrote everything which would happen till day of Judgement. Hassan, Ata and Mujahid have adopted this too, Ibn Jarir and Ibn Jawzi also have this Madhab whereas Ibn Jarir has narrated from Muhammad bin Ishaq that “ALLAH CREATED THE NUR AND DARKNESS PRIOR TO EVERYTHING” and then differentiated between them, There is also a saying that Allah first created “THE NUR OF MUHAMMAD (PEACE BE UPON HIM)” so how could reconciliation be brought in these different narrations? I say that they could be reconciled by saying that everything has its “RELATIVE PRIMACY” and they are first in relevance to things which came after them. [Umdat al Qari, Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume No. 15, Page No. 109]
Mullah Ali Qari (rah) beautifully said:
الأوّل الحقيقي هو النور المحمدي على ما بينته في المورد للمولد
Translation: The first reality is the “NUR-AL-MUHAMMADI” as I have mentioned in my book Al-Mawrid lil-Mawlid [Mullah Ali Qari in Mirqat, Sharh al Mishqaat (1/289), Published by Dar ul Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon]
Mullah Ali Qari (rah) also said:
والأوّلية من الأمور الإضافية فيؤوّل أن كل واحد مما ذكر خلق قبل ما هو من جنسه ؛ فالقلم خلق قبل جنس الأقلام ونوره قبل الأنوار وإلا فقد ثبت أن العرش قبل خلق السموات والأرض، فتطلق الأوّلية على كل واحد بشرط التقييد فيقال: أوّل المعاني كذا، وأوّل الأنوار كذا، ومنه قوله: «أوّل ما خلق الله نوري»، وفي رواية: «روحي» ومعناهما واحد، فإن الأرواح نورانية
Translation: Being first is amongst the matters of “Idhafiyah” hence the interpretation will be done that these things (i.e. Qalam, Aql, Nur, Ruh, Arsh etc…) are first according to their own “JINS” hence Pen was created first in relevance to other Pens [Note: Here Mullah Ali Qari is beautifully explaining relative primacy] and the Nur [al-Muhammadi] was created prior to every other Nur. It is also proven that Arsh was created prior to heavens and earth and all this will be attributed towards one meaning as the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: “The First thing which Allah created was my Nur” and It has also come in another report thatIt was his “RUH” and both of them “HAVE SAME MEANING BECAUSE SPIRITS ARE CREATED FROM NUR[Mullah Ali Qari in Mirqat, Sharh al-Mishqaat (1/290), Published by Dar ul Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon]
So people who deny Muhammadan reality are first asked to pass a verdict of Kufr/Shirk upon Imam Badr ud-din Ayni (rah), Imam al-Qastallani (rah), Mullah Ali Qari (rah), Ibn Hajr al-Haythami (rah), Allama Alusi (rah) and many others, only then they can have a valid difference of opinion over this issue!
The hadith of Jabir bin Abdullah (rah) is further authenticated by another hadith which is Sahih and proves that Nur of Prophet (Peace be upon him) was created prior to Adam (a.s).
2) Abu Hurraira (ra) narrates from the Messenger of Allah (May Peace be upon him) that he said: When Allah created Adam (Peace be upon him) He informed him of his descendants, at this Adam (Peace be upon him) saw superiority of some over others, then he saw me towards the end in form of an “ILLUMINATING NUR”(i.e. the Last of the Prophets to be sent) he (adam) said: O my Lord who is this? The Lord replied: This is your son Ahmed who is the first and the last and (on the Day of Judgment) he will be first to do intercession.
►Bayhaqi, Dala’il un Nubuwwah: Volume 005, Page No. 483
Imam BayhaqiFront Cover, Dala’il un Nubuwwah, Published by Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon Volume 005, Page No. 483
Hadith No: 3
Imam Taj ad-Din Subki said: “It has been said that Allah created the spirits before the bodies, and the Prophet’s reference to his prophecy in the hadith, “I was a Prophet while Adam was still between the spirit and the body”may be a reference to his blessed spirit and to the Reality of Realities (haqiqat al-haqa’iq). Our minds fall short of knowing such a Reality, but its Creator knows it, and also those to whom He extends a madad of light from Him [man amaddahu bi nurin ilahi]. Allah brings to existence whichever of these realities that He likes in the time that He pleases. As for the reality of the Prophet, it is most likely that it was before the creation of Adam, and Allah gave it its prophetic attribute upon its creation; therefore already at that time, he was the Prophet.”
►Imam Qastallani, Mawahib al-laduniyya Volume 001, Page No. 31-32
Imam QastallaniImam Qastallani, Mawahib al-laduniyya, Publish Dar al Kutub al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon Volume 001, Page No. 31-32
There is a further confirmation of the relation of the light of the Prophet to that of the rest of creation in the hadiths comparing Prophetic knowledge to the light of the stars in the darkness of night. Anas relates that the Prophet said: “The simile of the scholars of knowledge (al-`ulama’) on the earth is the stars in the sky by which one is guided in the darkness of the land and the sea. When the stars are clouded over, the guides are about to be lost.” Ahmad narrated it in his Musnad (Volume 003, Page No. 157 Hadith Number12606) with a chain containing Rishdin ibn Sa`d who is weak. However, it is confirmed by the hadith in Muslim and Ahmad narrated by Abu Musa al-Ash`ari whereby the Prophet said: The stars are trust-keepers for the heaven, and when the stars wane, the heaven is brought what was promised (i.e. of the corruption of the world and the coming of the Day of Judgment); and I am a trust-keeper for my Companions, so when I go my Companions will be brought what was promised them (i.e. of fitna and division); and my Companions are trustkeepers for my Community, so when they go my Community will be brought what was promised to you (i.e. following hawa and vying for dunya).
Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-Maliki
“The first thing Allah created is the light (Nur) of Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), and that light came and prostrated before Allah. Allah divided it into four parts and created from the first part the Throne, from the second the Pen, from the third the Tablet, and then similarly He subdivided the fourth part into parts and created the rest of creation. Therefore the light of the Throne is from the light of Muhammad , the light of the Pen is from the light of Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), the light of the Tablet is from the light of Muhammad , the light of day, the light of knowledge, the light of the sun and the moon, and the light of vision and sight are all from the light of Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). [al-Madkhal, Volume 002, Page No. 32-3] Scanned Page
Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-MalikiAl-Madkhal, Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-Maliki, Publish Dar al-Turath, Qahira Volume 002, Page No. 32-3
Hadith No: 4
Ka’aab bin Ahbaar said: That Adam (may peace and blessings be upon Him) said O my son whenever you do Zikr of Allah always remember to do zikr of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) too with out doubt I saw his name written on skies when I was between Soul and Soil I did Tawaf of all the skies and didnt saw a single place in these skies when Muhammad name wasnt written, on the cheeks of Hoors, on the heaven’s castle’s tree leafs, on the leafs of Tooba tree, on the leaves of tree called Sidrah al-Muntiha, on the eyes of gatekeepers of heaven and between the eyes of angels I saw Muhammad written, so you should do their Zikr with much focus and extreme, without doubt the angels also remember him all the time. Reference
► Ibn Asakir, Tarikh Madina-Damishq Volume 023, Page No. 281: Publish: Dar al Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon
Ibn AsakirIbn Asakir, Tarikh Madina-Damishq, Publish Dar al Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon
Volume 023, Page No. 281)
Hadith No: 5
Abdullah Ibn Abbas narrated: That I said ‘O’ Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), my mother and father be sacrificed on you where were you at the time Adam (may peace and blessings be upon Him) was in heaven, He said that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) smiled so that his teeth became clear then he said I was in the loin of Adam (may peace and blessings be upon Him) and then in the loin of my father Noah (may peace and blessings be upon Him) then I was taken on a ship then my Light (Nur) was put into loin of Abraham (may peace and blessings be upon Him) my parents were never given to me expect those who did Nikah I was always transferred to pure people. In Turah and Bible was my name was mentioned every Prophet of Allah mentioned by blessings, With my Light (Nur) the morning was lightened and the people got cloud shadow due to me and Allah granted me one of his names and He is Mehmood of Arsh and I am Muhammad and Allah promised me Hodh al-Kosar and he made me the first Intercessor and I will be the first person who Intercession on will be accepted, and Allah gave me birth in the best time of mankind, the people of my Ummah are those who praise Allah, they ask to do good deeds and stop from sins.
►Ibn Asakir, Tarikh Madina-Damishq Volume 003, Page No. 408: Publish: Dar al Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon
Ibn AsakirIbn Asakir, Tarikh Madina-Damishq, Publish Dar al Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon Volume 003, Page No. 408
Hadith No: 6
Hadrat Sayyida Halima Sa’adiya (radi Allahu anha) who was the one responsible for feeding milk to the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) The one before whom the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) used to eat and drink, even she believed that the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was Noor and this has been explained by Allama Muhadith Ibn Jauzi and Qazi Thanaullah Paani Pati (rahmatuallah aleh) as follows: “When I used to feed milk to the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) then I never felt the need for a light in my house. Thus one day Umme Khula Sa’diya said, “O Halima ! Do you leave the fire burning for the entire night in your house? and I answered by saying, “No! I swear by Almighty Allah that I do not keep the fire burning at all. This Noor and brightness is that of Sayidduna Rasoolullah Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)
►Bayaanul Miladun Nabwi pg 54 – Tafseere Mazhari
Hadith No: 7
لَمَّا كَانَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي دَخَلَ فِيهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْمَدِينَةَ أَضَاءَ مِنْهَا كُلُّ شَيْءٍ فَلَمَّا كَانَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي مَاتَ فِيهِ أَظْلَمَ مِنْهَا كُلُّ شَيْءٍ وَلَمَّا نَفَضْنَا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْأَيْدِي وَإِنَّا لَفِي دَفْنِهِ حَتَّى أَنْكَرْنَا قُلُوبَنَا
Sayyidina Anas ibn Maalik (Radiallahu Anhu) narrated: The day when Allah’s Messenger entered Madinah, everything in it was illuminated. Then, the day when he died everything in it became dark. And we had barely dusted off our hands after burying him when our hearts changed.
►Trimidhi Hadith No: 3638
►Musnad Ahmad Hadith No: 13311
►Ibne Majah Hadith No: 1613
►Muwahibul ladaniyah pg 68 vol 1
►Mustadrik pg 12 vol 3
Hadith No: 8
Ibn ‘Abbas said: I spent the night in the house of my mother’s sister, Maimuna, and observed how the Messenger of ALLAH (may peace be upon him) prayed (at night). He got up and relieved himself. He then washed his face and hands and then went to sleep. He again got up and went near the water-skin and loosened its straps and then poured some water in a bowl and inclined it with his hands (towards himself). He then performed a good ablution between the two extremes and then stood up to pray. I also came and stood by his left side. He took hold of me and made me stand on his right side. It was in thirteen rak’ahs that the (night) prayer of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was completed. He then slept till he began to snore, and we knew that he had gone to sleep by his snoring. He then went out (for the dawn prayer) and then again slept, and said while praying or prostrating himself:” O Allah! place light in my heart, light in my hearing, light in my sight, light on my right, light on my left, light in front of me, light behind me, light above me, light below me, make light for me,” or he said:“Make me light.”
►Sahih Muslim, Book 004, Hadith 1677
Hadith No: 9
‘Abdullah b. ‘Abbas reported: He spent (one night) in the house of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He (the Holy Prophet) got up, brushed his teeth and performed ablution and said:” In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, there are indeed signs for people of understanding” (al-Qur’an, iii. 190), to the end of the Surah. He then stood up and prayed two rak’ahs, standing, bowing and prostrating himself at length in them. Then he finished, went to sleep and snored. He did that three times, six rak’ahs altogether, each time cleaning his teeth, performing ablution, and reciting these verses. Then he observed three rak’ahs of Witr. The Mu’adhdhin then pronounced the Adhan and he went out for prayer and was saying,:” O Allah I place light in my heart, light in my tongue, place light in my hearing, place light in my eyesight, place light behind me, and light in front of me, and place light above me, and light below me. O Allah! grant me light.”
►Sahih Muslim, Book 004, Hadith #1682
Hadith No: 10
مجتمعات فقالت امرأة منهن يا نساء قريش أيتكن تتزوج هذا الفتى فتصطاد النور الذي بين عينيه وإن بين عينيه نوراً قال فتزوجته آمنة بنت وهب بن عبد مناف بن زهرة فجامعها فحملت برسول الله
al-Zuhri narrated: `Abd Allah ibn `Abd al-Muttalib was the most handsome man that had ever been seen among the Quraysh. One day he went out and was seen by a an assembly of the women of Quraysh. One of them said: “O women of the Quraysh, which among you will marry this youth and catch thereby the light that is between his eyes?” For verily there was a light between his eyes. Thereafter Amina bint Wahb ibn `Abd Manaf ibn Zuhra married him, and after he joined her she carried Allah’s Messenger.
►al-Bayhaqi narrated it in Dala’il al-nubuwwa (1:87)
► Tabari in his Tarikh (2:243)
►Ibn al-Jawzi in al-Wafa’ (p. 82-83, ch. 16 of Abwab bidayati nabiyyina)
Hadith No: 11
1) Ibn al Jawzi al-Hanbali, narrates that the light of the Messenger of Allah would overcome the light of both the sun and lamp
(Al Wafa, Chapter al Wilada, Ibn al Jawzi)
2) Abu ‘Ubayda ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ammar ibn Yasir said: “I said to say to al-Rubayyi’ bint Mu ‘awwadh: ‘Describe for me Allah’s Messenger.’ She replied: ‘If you saw him you would say: The sun is rising.’”
References: Bayhaqi narrates it with his isnad in Dala’il al-Nubuwwa (1:200), and Haythami in Majma’ al-Zawa’id (8:280) says that al-Tabarani narrates it in al-Mu’jam al-kabir and al-Awsat and that its narrators have been declared trustworthy.
3) That when Adam (May Allah bless him and grant Him peace) was being created, the noor of Prophet [May Allah bless him and grant Him peace] was placed in Adam [May Allah bless him and grant Him peace]’s forehead and Adam [May Allah bless him and grant Him peace] saw Prophet [May Allah bless him and grant Him peace], Adam [May Allah bless him and grant Him peace] asked “who is he?” Allah Ta’ala replied “He is the last Prophet and will be the chief of your children.”
Al Wafa chap on Birth of Prophet (May Allah bless him and grant Him peace) by Ibn Jawzi
Hadith No: 12
Imam Qadhi Iyaad (rah) narrates:
و عن ابن عباس : إن قريشاً كانت نوراً بين يدي الله تعالى قبل أن يخلق آدم بألفي عام ، يسبح ذلك النور ، و تسبح الملائكة بتسبيحه ، فلما خلق الله آدم ألقى ذلك النور في صلبه ، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : فأهبطني الله إلى الأرض في صلب آدم ، و جعلني في صلب نوح ، و قذف بي في صلب ابراهيم ، ثم لم يزل الله تعالى ينقلني من الأصلاب الكريمة و الأرحام الطاهرة ، حتى أخرجني من بين أبوي لم يلتقيا على سفاح قط
Translation: Ibn Abbas (ra) said that the spirit of the Prophet was a light in the hands of Allah two thousand years before he created Adam. That light glorified Him and the angels glorified by his glorification. When Allah created Adam, He casted that light into his loins. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) then said: “Allah brought me down to earth in the loins of Adam (a.s), placed me in the loins of Nuh (a.s) and then cast me into the loins of Ibrahim (a.s). Allah continued to move me from noble loins and pure wombs until he brought me out from my parents. None of them were ever joined together in fornication
►Qadhi Iyaad in Ash-Shifa bi Tarif al Haquq al Mustafa, Page No. 43
Hadith No: 13
عن العِرْباض بن سارِيَة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «إِنّي عِنْدَ الله لَخَاتِمُ النَّبِيِّينَ وإِنَّ آدَمَ لمُنْجَدِلٌ فِي طِيْنَتِه» .
Translation: Narrated by Arbaas bin Sariyah (ra) who said that the Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: I was the last Prophet in sight of Allah when Adam was intermingled in mud [Al Wafa bi Ahwal lil Mustafa by Ibn Jawzi, Page No. 25]
Takhreej: Narrated by Hakim in his Mustadrak 2/600 and Tabarani in his Al-Kabir 18/253, and Al Baihaqi in his Dalail an Nabuwwa 1/83, Ibn Asakir in Tarikh ul Dimishq 1/38
Ibn Hibban in his “Sahiha” Hadith No. 2093, Imam Ahmed in his Musnad 4/127, 128
Hakim said in his Mustadrak (2/600): This Hadith has Sahih chain, Haythami narrated it in Majma Az Zawaid (8/223) where he said: It is narrated by Ahmed, Tabarani, Al-Bazzar, the narrators of Ahmed are those of Sahih, except for Sa’id bin Suwaid who is Thiqa as said by Ibn Hibban
Hadith No: 14
حدثنا الحسن قثنا أحمد بن المقدام العجلي قثنا الفضيل بن عياض قثنا ثور بن يزيد عن خالد بن معدان عن زاذان عن سلمان قال سمعت حبيبي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول كنت انا وعلي نورا بين يدي الله عز وجل قبل ان يخلق آدم بأربعة عشر ألف عام فلما خلق الله آدم قسم ذلك النور جزءين فجزء أنا وجزء علي عليه السلام
Salman (ra) narrates that he heard the beloved Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) say: I along with Ali were Nur in hands of Allah, 14000 years before he created Adam Alaissalam
►Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal in Fadhail as Sahaba, Volume No. 2,Page No. 663, Hadith No 1130
It is known to Ahlus sunnah wal Jammah that the above hadith about Prophet (Peace be upon him) and Ali (ra) is not authentic but in relevance to other overwhelming ahadith shown and the Usool that many ahadith on a certain subject streghthen eachother, we are citing it and there is no problem if this specific hadith is rejected by someone. Having said that It should be clarified that those who understand that Arwah were created prior to bodies would know that mention of Ali (ra) over here is just to praise him though the arwah of other sahaba like Abu Bakr (ra) are also created from the Nur of Muhammad (salallaho alaihi wasalam), such a high and primitive praise has been given to many other sahaba, for example regarding Umar (ra), The Prophet (saw) said that Had there been a Nabi after me then it would have been Umar (ra)[Tirimdhi], now this does not mean there is even a possibility of someone else being a Nabi, It is just a praise, or regarding Ali (a.s) at another place when Prophet (saw) said: You are to me What Harun was onto Moses (Sahih Muslim), this would not mean that Ali (ra) becomes a Prophet (Naudhobillah).
Hadith No: 15
وقد كانت أم قتال رقيقة بنت نوفل أخت ورقة بن نوفل توسمت ما كان بين عيني عبدالله قبل ان يجامع آمنة من النور فودت أن يكون ذلك متصلا بها لما كانت تسمع من اخيها من البشارات بوجود محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم وأنه قد أزف زمانه فعرضت نفسها عليه قال بعضهم ليتزوجها وهو أظهر والله أعلم فامتنع عليها فلما انتقل ذلك النور الباهر إلى آمنة بمواقعته
The sister of Waraqa bin Nawfal (RA) i.e. Umm Qatal saw Nur between eyes of Abdullah (RA)before he had gone onto his wife Amina (RA), and she had proposed to him too, her brother (Waraqa bin Nawfal) had told her that a mighty Prophet would be born from Abdullah (RA) therefore it was desire of Um Qatal that the Nabi is born through her., however the Nur (i.e. Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was transferred into Amina (RA)
►Ibn Kathir in Al Bidayah Wal Nihayah Volume 2, Page No. 162
Hadith No: 16
وذكر القاضي عياض عن الشفاء أم عبدالرحمن بن عوف أنها كانت قابلته وأنها أخبرت به حين سقط على يديها واستهل سمعت قائلا يقول يرحمك الله وإنه سطع منه نور رؤيت منه قصور الروم
Qadhi Iyaad (Rahimuhullah) mentioned in Ash-Shifa through the reference of Umm Abdur Rahman bin Awf (RA) that she was a Dai during the time when Prophet (saw) was born. She explains that when Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) came into her hands from the body of his mother, she heard him saying: Ya Rahmak Allah and (from the body of Prophet) a Nur emerged and she saw that it illuminated the Palaces of Rome
►Al Bidayah Wal Nihayah, Volume 2, Page No. 165
Hadith No: 17
عن عثمان بن أبي العاص حدثتني أمي أنها شهدت ولادة آمنة بنت وهب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ليلة ولدته قالت فما شيء أنظره في البيت إلا نور وإني أنظر إلى النجوم تدنو حتى إني لأقول ليقعن علي
Hafidh Abu Bakr al Baihaqi (RA) narrated from mother of Uthman bin Abi al Aas(ra) that she witnessed the Haml of Hadrat Amina bint Wahb (ra) with her own eyes and on the night of birth she saw that there was nothing but Nur spread everywhere in the house and the stars had come so close to earth that it was hard to comprehend
►Al Bidayah Wal Nihayah, Volume 2, Page No. 164
Hadith No: 18
أن آمنة بنت وهب قالت لقد علقت به تعني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فما وجدت له مشقة حتى وضعته فلما فصل مني خرج معه نور أضاء له ما بين المشرق إلى المغرب
Translation: Amina bin Wahb (RA) explained that before the birth of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) when she was experiencing labor pains, she saw that a Nur emerged from her body which illuminated the east and west
►Al Bidayah Wal Nihayah, Volume 2, Page No. 164
Hadith No: 19
عن العرباض بن سارية صاحب رسول الله أنه قال سمعت رسول الله يقول إني عبد الله وخاتم النبيين وإن آدم لمنجدل في طينته وسأخبركم عن ذلك دعوة أبي إبراهيم وبشارة عيسى بي ورؤيا أمي التي رأت وكذلك أمهات النبيين يرين وإن أم رسول الله رأت حين وضعته نوراً أضاءت له قصور الشام
Hadrat Arbas bin Sariyah (RA) the companion of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) saying: I am Abdullah (Slave of Allah), and last of all prophets, (I was a Prophet) when Adam was mingled in the mud, I inform you that I am the dua of my father Ibrahim (A.S) the tiding of Isa (A.S), and the dream of my mother which mothers of other prophets also used to see, My mother saw that she gave birth to a Nur which illuminated the castles of Syria
►Imam Baihaqi in Dalail an Nabuwwa, Volume No. 1, Page No. 80
Imam Hakim after narrating it said:
هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد شاهد للحديث الأول
This Hadith has a Sahih chain and is also a witness over the first hadith (which he mentioned in the chapter)
►Mustadrak ala Sahihayn, Volume 2, Page No. 600, Hadith No. 4175
Hadith No: 20
حدثنا أبو العباس محمد بن يعقوب حدثنا أحمد بن عبد الجبار حدثنا يونس بن بكير عن بن إسحاق قال حدثني ثور بن يزيد عن خالد بن معدان عن أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنهم قالوا يا رسول الله أخبرنا عن نفسك فقال دعوة أبي إبراهيم وبشرى عيسى ورأت أمي حين حملت بي أنه خرج منها نور أضاءت له بصرى وبصرى من أرض الشام
The Companions of Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked him: O Messenger of ALLAH, inform us about yourself, (The Prophet) said: I am the prayer of my father Ibrahim (A.S), the tiding of Isa (A.S), My Mother during her haml saw that a Nur emerged from her which made her see Syria
(Mustadrak al Hakim, Volume 2, Page No. 600, Hadith No. 4174)
Imam Hakim (Rahimuhullah) said after this hadith:
قال الحاكم خالد بن معدان من خيار التابعين صحب معاذ بن جبل فمن بعده من الصحابة فإذا أسند حديث إلى الصحابة فإنه صحيح الإسناد ولم يخرجاه
Khalid bin Madan (rah) is amongst the great Tabiyeen, the companion of Muadh bin Jabal (ra)… This hadith has Sahih Isnaad [Ibid]
Hadith No: 21
قد ذكرنا في باب هواتف الجان ما تقدم من خرور كثير من الأصنام ليلتئذ لوجوهها وسقوطها عن أماكنها وما رآه النجاشي ملك الحبشة وظهور النور معه حتى أضاءت له قصور الشام حين ولد وما كان من سقوطه جاثيا رافعا رأسه إلى السماء وانفلاق تلك البرمة عن وجهه الكريم وما شوهد من النور في المنزل الذي ولد فيه ودنو النجوم منهم وغير ذلك
حكى السهيلي عن تفسير بقي بن مخلد الحافظ أن إبليس رن أربع رنات حين لعن وحين أهبط
وحين ولد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وحين أنزلت الفاتحة
The Screaming of (Evil) Jinns at the birth of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), The idols falling on their faces by whisking like cats, Najashi experiencing strange events at Habsha. Nur illuminating from the body of (Prophet)’s mother and then it turning towards sky and becoming still, All castles of Syria being illuminated with this Nur, Stars coming near to ground and this Nur illuminating on your blessed face and other such witnessed accounts we have mentioned before
Imam Suhaili (R.A) explained that Iblis cried loudly 4 times, first time when Allah declared him to be La’een and sent Lanah upon him, second time when he was thrown to earth from heaven, third time when Prophet ( صلى الله عليهوسلم) was born and fourth time when Surah Al-Fatiha was revealed.
►Al Bidayah Wal Nihayah, Volume 2, Page No. 166
Hadith No: 22
حدثنا علي بن حمشاذ العدل إملاء حدثنا هارون بن العباس الهاشمي حدثنا جندل بن والق حدثنا عمرو بن أوس الأنصاري حدثنا سعيد بن أبي عروبة عن قتادة عن سعيد بن المسيب عن بن عباس رضى الله تعالى عنهما قال أوحى الله إلى عيسى عليه السلام يا عيسى آمن بمحمد وأمر من أدركهمن أمتك أن يؤمنوا به فلولا محمد ما خلقت آدم ولولا محمد ما خلقت الجنة ولا النار ولقد خلقت العرش على الماء فاضطرب فكتبت عليه لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله فسكن هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد ولم يخرجاه
Ibn Abbas (R.A) narrates that ALLAH inspired Isa (A.S) saying O Isa, believe in Muhammad (صلى الله عليهوسلم), and whosoever form your Ummah finds him should believe in him, If I had not created Muhammad (صلى اللهعليه وسلم) then I would not have created Adam, If not for him I would not have created the paradise and hell, When I made the throne on Water, it started to shake, I wrote La Ilaha Il Allah Muhammad ur Rasul Ullah, due to which it became still
►Imam Hakim in Mustadrak ala Sahihayn, Volume No. 2, Page No. 609, Hadith No. 4227
Imam Hakim after narrating it said:
هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد
This Hadith has Sahih chain.
Aqwaal (saying) of Imam’s and Ulama
1) Imam Jalal ud din Suyuti (Rahimuhullah)
Some people claim that Imam Jalal ud din Suyuti (rah) rejected the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to be Nur, therefore I consider it important to prove from Imam Suyuti (rah) at first.
Imam Jalal ud din Suyuti (Rahimuhullah) said: Ibn Sabih (R.A) said that the shadow of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) did not fall on ground , because the “PROPHET WAS NUR”
►Al Khasais ul Kubra of Imam Suyuti, Volume No. 1, Page No. 169
2) Imam Fakhr ud din Razi (Rahimuhullah)
أن الملائكة أمروا بالسجود لآدم لأجل أن نور محمد عليه السلام في جبهة آدم.
The Angels were ordered to prostate to Adam because there was Nur of Muhammad(صلى الله عليه وسلم)in forehead of Adam
►Imam Fakhr ud din Razi in Tafsir ul Kabir, Volume No. 2, Page No. 302
3) Allama Alusi (Rahimuhullah)
وكونه صلى الله عليه وسلم رحمة للجميع باعتبار أنه عليه الصلاة والسلام واسطة الفيض الإلهي على الممكنات على حسب القوابل، ولذا كان نوره صلى الله عليه وسلم أول المخلوقات، ففي الخبر ” أول ما خلق الله تعالى نور نبيك يا جابر ” وجاء ” الله تعالى المعطي وأنا القاسم ” وللصوفية قدستأسرارهم في هذا الفصل كلام فوق ذلك،
“The Prophet’s being a mercy to all is linked to the fact that he is the intermediary of the divine outpouring over all contingencies [i.e. all created things without exception], from the very beginnings(wasitat al-fayd al-ilahi `ala al-mumkinat `ala hasab al-qawabil), and that is why his light was the first of all things created, as stated in the report that “The first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet, O Jabir,” and also cited is: “Allah is the Giver and I am the Distributor.” The Sufis have more to say on that chapter.” [Tafsir Ruh al Ma’ani Volume 17 Page 105]
4) Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahimuhullah)
Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahimuhullah) said: You are the Nur from which even the moon of 14th night receives light, and from your Nur is the sun shinning.
►Qasida al Nauman, Page No. 23
5) Mullah Ali Qari (Rahimuhullah)
Mullah Ali Qari (Rehmat’Ullah Alaih) said:The heart of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), his body is completely Nur
►Sharah ash-Shifa, Hashiya Naseem ur Riyaaz
6) Mujaddad Alf Thaani (Rahimuhullah)
Mujaddad Alf Thaani (Rehmat’Ullah Alaih) said: It should be known that creation of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is not similar to other mankind, rather nothing in the created world resembles the way he were created, because Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is created from (created) Nur of Allah, just as Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) mentioned himself.
►Maktubat Mujaddad Alf Thani
7) Sheikh Muhadith Haq Dhelvi (Rahimuhullah)
Sheikh Muhadith Haq Dhelvi (Rehmat’Ullah Alaih) said: The source of creation, universe, creation of Adam is Nur of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم), hence It has come in Sahih hadith that the first thing which Allah created was My Nur
►Madarij al Nabuwah, Volume No.2, Page No. 2
8) Sheikh ul Akbar, Muhayuddin Ibn Arabi (Rahimuhullah) proves that:
Nur of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was the first of creation [Fatukhat al Makiyyah Volume No. 1, Page No. 119]
9) Sheikh Abdul Qadir al Jilani (Rahimuhullah) said in his book Sirr-al-Asrar:
سر الأسرار إلى عبد القادر الجيلاني ، معي الآن مقطع منه فيما يتعلق بهذه الفقرة، يقول: ‘ اعلم وفقك الله لما يحب ويرضى، لقد خلق الله تعالى روح محمد صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أولاً: من نوره وجماله،
Allah created the Ruh of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) from his Nur of beauty
(Al-Sirr al Israr)
10) Shah Abdur Rahim Dhelvi (Rahimuhullah) the father of great Shah Wali Ullah Muhadith Dhelvi (rah) said:
Every creation from Arsh to land, the angels, the Jinns are created from the Haqiqat al Muhammadiyah and Prophet (saw) has himself said: The first thing which Allah created was my Nur
(Infaas ar Rahmiyah, Page No. 13)
11) Shah Wali Ullah Muhadith Dhelvi (Rahimuhullah) has narrated in Fayudh al Haramayn the hadith of Allah first creating the Nur of Muhammad (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and he has not rejected it.
12) Ismail Dhelvi the founder of Wahabi sect in Sub continent said:
The Status of Khatam an Anabiyeen (salallaho alaihi wasalam) is that he is the first of creation, as the the hadith of Allah first creating Nur of Muhammad (salallaho alaihi wasalam) testifies [Risala Yak Roza]
And Finally Sahabi(R.A)
Hassan ibn Thabit (RA) recites this beautiful poetry:
(ترحل عن قوم فضلت عقولهم وحل على قوم بنور مجدد)
Translation: He left a people who preferred their minds over him And he dawned on a people with a light made new.
متى يبد في الداج البهيم جبينه يلح مثل مصباح الدجى المتوقد
Whenever his forehead emerged in pitch-black darkness, It would shine like the blazing luminary of dark night.
►Imam Bayhaqi narrated the two verses in Dala’il al-Nubuwwa (1:280, 302)
The latter verse is also narrated Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr in al-Isti ‘ab (1:341) and al-Zarqani in Sharh al-Mawahib (1:91).
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